Town government or township government is the lowest level of general-purpose local government. Generally, the jurisdiction of town extends only to areas outside of incorporated cities.

A monthly town meeting is an assembly of all enfranchised townspeople, primary a decision-making body, to grow increasingly important in determining town policy.

The Town of Kiowa is a home rule municipality and the county seat of Elbert County, Colorado. The town population was 723 at the 2010 United States Census, up from 581 at the 2000 census.

Town of Kiowa has a Council-Administrator form of government, defined in the Town’s Home Rule Charter. The Town Administrator is accountable to the Town Council for implementation of Council policies and enforcement of ordinances and for overseeing the day-to-day operations of the town.

The Town Administrator prepares and manages the Town’s annual budget in cooperation with the Council, negotiates development agreements and other contracts, writes grant applications and oversees certain construction projects. As part of the annual budget process, the Town Administrator conducts a survey of town residents to identify both satisfaction with the full range of Town services and preferences for programs and projects to consider in the upcoming budget year.

Citizens elect the town council who hires the town manager who manages the town staff. The town staff reports to the town manager, who reports to and advices the town council, which is responsible to the citizens.